Chair Su Tseng-chang introduces DPP's Fifth Defense Policy Blue Paper
"promptly adjust its national defense strategy, military strategy, and
operational concepts" to meet growing Chinese military threats and
"establish Taiwan's self-defense capability" the Democratic
Progressive Party (DPP)'s Chair Su Tseng-chang declared, and made these
1. Implement concrete and
comprehensive measures to strengthen cyber defense capabilities;
2. Accelerating the
indigenous production of submarines; and
3. Transforming Taiwan's
air capabilities to include indigenous production of advanced long-range
unmanned combat air vehicles (UCAV) and research regarding production of
next-generation fighter jets.
The DPP's Fifth Defense Policy Blue paper (English translation begins at page 37),
"China's Military Threats against Taiwan in 2025," details the pace
and scope of China's military buildup in cyber warfare capability, growth of
the precision and diversification of missiles and fifth generation fighters,
plus the PLA Navy's transformation.
highly informationalized society is a top priority and demands attracting more
information warfare personnel, developing asymmetrical cyber operational
concepts and equipment, and strengthening cyber defense frontlines.
To defend Taiwan's
maritime security, indigenous production of submarines should be initiated
immediately and more proactively, in conjunction with the continued production
of swift, stealth missile boats.
The high density and
precision strikes of the PLA's missiles, fighters and bombers must be met by continued
upgrading of the IDF and F16 fleets, procurement, if possible, of advanced
fighters from foreign sources, indigenous production of advanced long-range
unmanned combat vehicles (UCAVs) and research into the indigenous production of
next generation fighter jets with refined long-range precision strike
Reiterating the DPP's
call that Taiwan's national defense budget "should return to the level of
3% of GDP," Chair Su declared, "Only by audaciously shouldering the
responsibility and bearing the burden of national defense can all of us and our
future generations continue to enjoy the fruits of freedom and democracy."
The DPP Defense Policy
Advisory Committee has launched a series of defense policy blue papers since
June 2013. There were many Taiwanese and American experts, as well as several
retired generals and admirals, who offered their valuable advice and insight
during the process. The DPP is a responsible political party which values
Taiwan’s national security and will continue publishing the Defense Policy Blue
Papers on the issues such as force planning, budget, and serviceman throughout
this and next year.
February 27, the DPP held a press conference releasing its newest publication “The
New Diplomatic Strategy”, summarizing two years of the DPP’s achievements in
Liu Shih-chung, director of the DPP’s Department of International Affairs, said
that this publication highlights the DPP’s foreign policy, which as Chair Su
has pinpointed, is to “open up internationally, show care to the world and to promote democracy
the publication, it is told that the DPP exerted a large amount of effort into
fundraising to re-open the DPP representative office in Washington, D.C., which
was closed twelve years ago when the DPP won the administration in 2000. Without
the contributions from Taiwanese residents in the U.S. and in Canada, this
office would not have been opened, and as a tribute to them, the publication
largely dedicates the DPP's achievements to their support.
order to re-strengthen the DPP’s relations with the U.S., Chair Su raised the
3Rs of foreign policy for the DPP, which were “responsibility, reconciliation
and re-balance”. In his speech at the Brookings Institution in June of last
year, Chair Su explained that “responsibility” is to pave the way for a DPP
comeback to government, also calling for “reconciliation” in the normalization
of cross strait relations and a “re-balance” of US-Taiwan relations.
the new transformations in Asia’s regional security, the DPP has especially
strengthened its partnership relations with neighboring countries in order to
prevent further changes to the status quo of peace and stability in the region.
Furthermore, in regards to China’s Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership
(RCEP) to counter the U.S. promotion of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP),
the DPP also hopes for Taiwan to expand more economic and trade relations with Southeast
the environmental front, the DPP has also focused on building foreign relations
based on the DPP’s goal to promote a nuclear-free homeland. “Through exchanges
with NGOs from European countries like Denmark, Germany and U.K., the DPP has
obtained great assistance in formulating policy regarding the promotion of
alternative sources of energy to replace nuclear power,” said Mr. Liu.
party-to-party relations, the DPP as founding member of the Council of Asian
Liberals and Democrats (CALD) and as member of Liberal International (LI) has
promoted democracy development through these platforms and at the same time let
the world understand Taiwan’s democratic and free system. In 2012 and 2013, LI
passed resolutions appealing for the governing administration in Taiwan to grant
Former President Chen Shui-bian a medical parole and to respect judicial
kind of international pressure on the current administration ensured the
passage to amendments in Taiwan’s legislature concerning communications
security and surveillance law,” Mr. Liu said.
Joseph Wu, representative to the U.S. and executive director of the DPP’s
Policy Research Committee, said that under the leadership of Chair Su, the DPP’s
office in Washington D.C. was re-opened after it was shut down 12 years ago,
improving smoothly the DPP’s relationship with the U.S. through exchanges with
the U.S. Congress and with a variety of think tanks.
Wu also reported that U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs Chairman Ed Royce
gave strong encouragements to the DPP’s work when he visited Taiwan last week.
present at the press conference were Legislator Hsiao Bi-khim and Legislator
Chiu Yi-ying, who gave their appraisal of the milestones achieved by the DPP in
diplomatic relations. Both having taken part in the Legislative Yuan’s
Committee on Foreign Affairs, they have ensured that the DPP’s standpoints are
enacted through legislation in Taiwan’s foreign policy.
Maysing Yang who served as director of the DPP’s Department of International
Affairs during the early stages of the DPP as a party, told the story of the
achievements made by the DPP through the small amount of contributions by its
supporters. These results must be attributed to them, she stressed.
Su made concluding remarks, emphasizing that Taiwan is a sovereign and
independent country because “if it conducts foreign relations, it is a country
and because as a country, it has to engage in foreign relations”.
Su added, “Even though the DPP has faced tough challenges in foreign relations and
despite our limited resources, we will continue working hard to achieve our goals.”
the DPP Headquarters yesterday (Feb. 20), DPP Chair Su Tseng-chang met with an
U.S. Congressional Delegation led by Representative Edward R. Royce, Chairman
of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs. Also part of the delegation were
Representative Steve Chabot (R-OH); Representative Brad Sherman (D-CA);
Representative Joe Wilson (R-SC); Representative Randy Weber (R-TX);
Representative Luke Messer (R-IN); Representative Madeleine Bordallo (D-Guam)
and Representative Joseph P. Kennedy, III (D-MA).
his remarks, Chair Su first expressed his deepest appreciation to the U.S.
Congress for their long-term support of Taiwan while also reaffirming the DPP’s
commitment to strengthen Taiwan-U.S. relations.
Su especially commended Rep. Royce for supporting Taiwan’s bid to join the
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) last year, saying that he
wanted to thank him in person, and that “Taiwan was better off with good
friends like you”.
Su emphasized that the DPP will continue upholding its support of Taiwan’s
national defense and protecting Taiwan’s achievements in democracy, peace and
“I would like to emphasize the DPP’s
determination to strengthen Taiwan’s defense and to consolidate Taiwan’s
democracy. I look forward to our further cooperation to bring closer relations between
our two countries, to further highlight our value on democracy and human rights
and to have Taiwan serve as a beacon light of hope in the entire East Asia.”
Royce started his remarks wishing everyone a happy New Year in Mandarin, noting
that this was the strongest bi-partisan
delegation that has ever visited Taiwan.
Taiwan obtaining U.S. visa-free status, he expressed that he was very happy to
see that this year’s New Year flights to the U.S. increased by 30% as a result.
Because of the frequency in flights between Taiwan and the U.S., it was of
vital importance that Taiwan was able to enter ICAO so that those traveling to Taiwan
would have the same right to participation, he said.
Rep. Royce emphasized that he and members of the Taiwan
Caucus would like to push for Taiwan to gain greater international space and
part of that is for Taiwan to have access to the Trans-Pacific Partnership
want to build on this idea of giving Taiwan international space and part of
that is, I believe, access to the TPP because across the Pacific Rim, we are going
to have more trade, more investment activities that is going to generate growth.”
Rep. Royce reported that along with Rep. Sherman, they would be introducing
legislation to reaffirm the Taiwan Relations Act (TRA) with its upcoming 35th
Anniversary on April 10.
Royce concluded his remarks by expressing appreciation to see Chair Su at the
DPP Headquarters, and promising to make certain that they will deepen and
strengthen the relationship between Taiwan and the U.S. in Congress.
meeting took place over thirty minutes and present at the meeting alongside
Chair Su were Representative to the U.S. Dr. Joseph Wu and Mr. Liu Shih-chung,
Director of the DPP’s Department of International Affairs. Accompanying the
delegation was American Institute in Taipei (AIT) Director Christopher J.
Marut, congressional staff and spouses of the congressmen.
Following the conclusion
of the meetings between Wang Yu-chi, minister of Taiwan’s Mainland Affairs
Council (MAC) and Zhang Zhijun, minister of China’s Taiwan Affairs Office (TAO),
held in China last week, the opposition Democratic Progressive Party (DPP)’s
executive director for policy research, Dr. Joseph Wu, and Hung Tsai-lung,
director of DPP’s China Affairs Department, called a press conference to issue
the DPP’s five recommendations and three questions concerning the Wang-Zhang meeting: First,
the DPP supports the normalization of cross-Strait relations and regularized
contact between the two governments as a laudable goal, and welcomes exchanges
between high-level officials without preconditions. However, we must also carefully consider what
we are willing to give up in pursuit of this end.A well-known U.S. expert candidly said last
month that the question of high-level cross-Strait exchanges is not one of
feasibility, but rather, of the price that would be exacted.Former KMT chairman Wu Po-hsiung alluded to
the concept of the “one China framework” when he visited China last June;
President Ma’s letter to Xi Jinping in July also referenced their mutual
insistence on the 1992 consensus under the “one China principle.”Is this a price that we are willing to
pay?Such an important matter
implicating Taiwan’s basic status is one that should be jointly decided by the
people, not by Ma Ying-jeou alone.Furthermore,
Minister Wang again asserted in Shanghai on Thursday that cross-Strait
relations are not state-to-state relations.To make this type of statement, fully aware that it touches on the
domestically sensitive independence-unification nerve, and in the absence of
any attempt at dialogue on the issue within Taiwan, is certain to lead to
further contention back home. Taiwan
should not have to pay the resulting price.
there is great discrepancy in the content of the press statements issued by the
two sides after the first Wang-Zhang meeting on February 11.The summary text
published by the Chinese authorities describes a five-point consensus that
was reached, but when compared with the MAC
press release, it seems that the each side is merely telling their own
version of the story.The only point on
which there is clear agreement is in the reference to the 1992 consensus.The unilateral declaration of a supposed
“consensus” or issuance of a “joint” statement is maneuver that the Chinese
have commonly employed in cross-Strait exchanges over the past few years,
thereby trapping Taiwan into the narrative that it defines; this is what
happened just recently after the cross-strait media forum in December.For it to recur
on this occasion, without eliciting any kind of response from MAC, leads one to
question: have we completely acquiesced to China’s one-sided “consensus”?
what the Chinese wants at this time is to enter into political negotiations
with Taiwan.Since the SEF-ARATS channel
will continue operating as a forum to address issues of a more pragmatic
nature, it appears that the MAC-TAO platform has been created with the
intention of elevating the political level of exchanges. With these politically-oriented talks now in
the “deep water zone,” every step and every word emitted by each side must be
done with great deliberation, to in effort to secure the maximum amount of
gain.Yet it seems that the Ma
administration is only concerned with the appearances projected by the
Wang-Zhang meeting, leaving all of the substance to be orchestrated by the
Chinese.No normal government of a
normal country would conceded this much.If in the future China insists on holding Taiwan to the commitments made
in the “February 11th Cross-Strait Consensus,” the Ma government may
be unable to withstand the pressure.
before going to China Minister Wang had stated that one of his objectives was
to seek participation in the regional economic integration process, and this goal
was also written into the MAC press release.But the first point of “consensus” that appears in the TAO’s statement
issued following the Wang-Zhang meeting is “focusing on completion of follow-on
agreements under the Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA), refining
channels of cross-strait economic cooperation, and seriously exploring the
feasibility of joint economic development toward appropriate modes of
participation in the regional economic integration process.”If the MAC has not put forth any objection to
this consensus, then it appears that Taiwan’s accession to RCEP and TPP has
already been subsumed within the ECFA framework.This is a complete loss for Taiwan not only
in substance but also in symbolism.
prior to Minister Wang’s departure, the DPP had repeatedly called on the
administration to raise the issues in cross-Strait negotiations that remain
unresolved, including compensation for Taiwanese businesses from previous lapses in food
safety, repatriation of financial criminals, re-negotiation of unequal
provisions in the services trade pact, and freedom of the press and human
rights questions.These are the subjects
of greatest concern to the people of Taiwan, but MAC did not broach them at
all.We are deeply
disappointed that government did not take our cue in this regard.
Dr. Wu went on to
pose three questions to minister Wang:
released by MAC immediately after the meeting was vague and ambiguous,
while the title of the TAO press release trumpets the “proactive consensus
reached.”Did the two sides reach
any kind of consensus or not?Or
has Taiwan been trapped into a “consensus”?
With regard to
the potential meeting between President Ma and President Xi Jing-ping,
President Ma has reiterated the need to create the right conditions.What kind of condition is he referring
to, and what is the price that the Ma administration is willing to
pay?Has Taiwan not paid a high
enough price already?
priority has the administration accorded to the issues of greatest
importance to the people of Taiwan?
affairs department director Hung Tsai-lung elaborated on the monitoring and oversight mechanisms for cross-Strait
negotiations and agreements.Hung
requests that Minister Wang provide a special report to the Legislative Yuan
and take questions from legislators after his return to Taiwan.“All cross-Strait negotiations and agreements
should be subject to comprehensive oversight by the legislature.Further, we should establish a formal process
to grant authority to conduct cross-Strait talks to institutionalize the
mechanism for legislative oversight of cross-Strait negotiations.”
Fell of the Center of Taiwan Studies, distinguished scholars, ladies and
gentlemen, good afternoon.
is my absolute delight to come to this great country, a country I had a chance
to visit before but have longed ever since for a more formal visit. My wish has
come true today, and it is my great honor to address you, prominent scholars
and brilliant students in this important academy of Asian and African studies.
I would like to stress the very basic concept of “responsibility” as my philosophy in domestic politics,
economics, and international relations. It has carried me before, and will
continue to carry me and my party toward the future.
visiting London, I cannot but think of democracy, the modern political system
that finds its origin here. It is not an overstatement to say that I come here
as a pilgrim to the holy shrine of democracy. I am very happy to tell you today
that democracy has become a value deeply rooted in the hearts of the Taiwanese.
model of a democratic political system has inspired many other countries,
including my own. In Taiwan, martial law had ruled for 38 years until 1987. The
simple yet noble ideal of having democracy rid us of political tyranny
motivated the people of Taiwan to bravely pursue our great transformation. In
1986 with martial law still in effect, I and 17 other members risked our lives
to found the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), the first opposition party in
Taiwan, to embark on the path to democracy. We did this not to gain power, but
to be responsible for the long-term development of Taiwan, and to be
responsible to our children and grandchildren. This responsibility led us to
establish a political system in which the government could be held accountable.
much effort and sacrifice, martial law and the emergency decree were abolished
and this paved the way for parliamentary elections in 1991 and 1992, and even
further to a direct presidential election in 1996. We have since been able to
elect the president and the members of the parliament regularly and openly. We
have come a long way to where we are today, and I am fortunate and proud to not
only witness but also take part in the transformation process.
addition to this enviable political development, Taiwan’s economy grew well after the 1970s. At
one time Taiwan was even termed an economic miracle. As it stands now, the size
of Taiwan’s economy
is the 23rd in the world and its trade volume the 18th. For a small country,
Taiwan’s economic achievement is something
we are quite proud of, too.
now is a wonderful, friendly, and safe place that attracts millions of visitors
from all over the world, including more than two million Chinese last year.
Just for your information, a former Dutch ambassador, a former Belgium
Ambassador, and a former American ambassador chose to stay in Taiwan after
their retirement. Their decision says it all about Taiwan.
for answers to meet challenges
Taiwan is enviable in many regards, we face challenges just as all others do.
The DPP may not be in office now, but we consider making alternative policy
proposals to meet the challenges of our responsibility.
the trade issue, the DPP has always considered openness and free trade the best
way for Taiwan to go. When we were in the government, we had quite a
significant degree of liberalization, including joining the WTO. We also went
through the opening of the cross-strait mini-three links, direct charter
flights and welcoming Chinese visitors for tourism or commercial purposes. We
fully supported ANZTEC with New Zealand and ASTEP with Singapore last year, and
this is a clear indication of our support for free trade.
the last few years, Taiwan has experienced a sharp decline of investment from
and trade with major economies. The result is an over-concentration on China,
but this has the Taiwanese worried. After all, China is still threatening
Taiwan politically and militarily. People also worry that the government signed
economic agreements with China, including the Service Trade Agreement, without
prior consultation and proper oversight as normally would have been done in
strengthen Taiwan’s trade and
economy, I have been arguing for structural reform, including streamlining
rules and regulations and simplifying bureaucratic procedures. I have also been
arguing for an FTA with the EU; at least we need to conclude the Trade
Enhancement Measures. We should fully open up to each other; I know it is in
our mutual interest to do so. Moreover, the DPP also fully supports Taiwan’s participation in the Trans Pacific
Partnership (TPP), as soon as possible, to effectively diversify our trade and
been considerable debates in Taiwan about nuclear power. We have three plants
in operation, and are on the way to build the 4th one. This gives Taiwan the
largest number of nuclear power plants in the world proportionate to its
geographical size. Please do not forget that all of those plants are located
very near active fault lines. The 4th Nuclear Power Plant has been under
construction for 14 years without any safety report. The disaster in Fukushima
in 2011 serves as a lesson for the Taiwanese: 300,000 relocated Fukushima
residents are still not able to return home, and we have more than 6 million
residents within the same radius of the plant under construction.
than 70% of the people in Taiwan oppose the completion of the power plant, and
the DPP stands firmly with them. The DPP considers green, renewable, and
sustainable energy the only way to go for densely populated Taiwan, not highly
controversial and potentially dangerous nuclear power. After all, Taiwan is the
world’s number one producer of solar
panels and has longer hours of sunshine than countries such as Germany. We
would like to follow the good example of the UK and other European countries by
setting the target of renewable energy at 20% in 2025, as opposed to the
government target of 9%.
also consider media freedom one of the most important pillars to sustain Taiwan’s democracy. But in the past few years,
some important international watchdogs such as Freedom House have substantially
downgraded Taiwan’s ranking
in media freedom. Last September, a vicious power struggle between the
president and the speaker of the parliament revealed that the government has
conducted rampant wiretapping of elected officials, even on the general
exchange line of the parliament. Situations like this led some prominent
international observers to worry that Taiwan’s democracy might be backsliding.
DPP is very concerned that what we have fought so hard to accomplish might be
chipped away by the remnants of the past dictatorship. We opened the door for
democracy, and will never allow it to close. We have worked hard, and will
continue to do so, to safeguard our democratic way of life.
presents to Taiwan not just a business opportunity; it is the single most
important factor in Taiwan’s foreign
relations. China has widely applied the “one China principle” on virtually every matter concerning
Taiwan to highlight its claim of sovereignty over Taiwan. As a result, the
Taiwanese are the only people in the world who cannot normally participate in
major international organizations. The agony of the Taiwanese in this regard is
far beyond your imagination.
fact, Taiwan’s status is
clear: we have a popularly elected president; we have a popularly elected
parliament; and the government exercises exclusive jurisdiction over the
territory under its control. Moreover, only the citizens of Taiwan can vote in
Taiwan’s elections; only the citizens of
Taiwan are taxed by the Taiwan government; and only the citizens of Taiwan
serve in Taiwan’s military.
Taiwan in reality is independent.
DPP’s position, as embodied in the 1999
Resolution Regarding Taiwan’s Future,
is that Taiwan is an independent and sovereign country, and any change to the
status quo must be approved by the people of Taiwan through democratic means.
In other words, the DPP is a political force guarding the status quo. Now the
DPP is glad to see that our position has become a consensus in Taiwan. I must
emphasize here: democracy is our core value and we are ready to defend it at
any time, and it should be respected if there is to be a genuine peace across
the Taiwan Strait.
serious than diplomatic isolation is the military threat. China has never
renounced the use of force, and has deployed more than 1,800 missiles aimed at
Taiwan, even though Taiwan is not a threat at all. Perhaps we can have a better
picture of China by looking at the regional strategic dynamics. China has been
rapidly arming itself without any tangible threat on the horizon, and it has
been expanding its “core
disputed territories and waters. The latest move was the announcement of its
East Sea Air Defense Identification Zone, which covers part of those of Taiwan,
Japan and Korea. It is more than clear that China is attempting to change the
status quo, as stated by senior American, Japanese, Korean and Australian
DPP is also paying close attention to the development in Hong Kong. It is sad
for us to see, after the transition in 1997, huge numbers of Hong Kong people
continuing to pour out onto the street just to make a humble request for a
chance to elect their political leader. Quite a few Hong Kong democratic leaders
have come to us and told us to treasure what we have in Taiwan and not cave in
to become part of China; some of them even pay for newspaper ads in Taiwan to
make their point. While the international community in general may not be able
to provide much help to those democrats in Hong Kong, Taiwan is gradually seen
as a life-vest and as a beacon of hope and strength.
this regard, I must express my appreciation to the EU for not lifting the arms
embargo, for the nature of the communist rule today is the same as in 1989. The
EU decision is a clear signal to its friends and allies in East Asia that it
supports peace and not expansionism. I am sure millions in China and Hong Kong
will also say freedom and human rights do mean something to Europe.
stands on the frontline of China’s expansion, and Taiwan in essence is “the canary in the coal mine” and can serve as an example to other
countries that may have some dispute with China. We also understand that
democratic Taiwan, although small, has become a hope of Chinese and Hong Kong
democrats and we have responsibilities to them, too. We stand ready to defend
our democracy, and we will not give in. Here I would like to copy Winston
Churchill, who said in October 1941, “Never give in, never, never, never!”
gentlemen, the DPP came into being by the people and for the people of Taiwan,
and is destined to serve the people. We are eager to carry the responsibility
to move Taiwan ahead economically and politically. Right now I feel the heavy
load on my shoulders, for I have to work hard to move the DPP back into the
driver’s seat. I believe our time will
come soon because the DPP is a better choice than others. That is what the
surveys say these days.
though Taiwan and Europe may be far apart, we are linked closely together by
the values of freedom and democracy. The DPP hopes to continue to work with
Europe in safeguarding our common values. My promise is that I will continue to
shoulder the responsibility in this regard. I also hope the UK, the oldest
brother of all democracies, pay more attention to our part of the world and
give us more support in the fight for our values and our survival.